Orton Gillingham (O. G.) was started in the 1930s by Samuel Orton and Anna Gillingham, a neurologist and a teacher- psychologist who identified the neurological sources of reading disabilities. Together, they developed a methodology to help children learn to read, focusing specifically on children and adults diagnosed with the newly identified diagnosis of dyslexia.
Their approach systematically teaches reading, explicitly breaking down the 26 letters (graphemes) and 44 sounds (phonemes) of our language into their patterns and parts. O.G. Is called a “multi-sensory approach” because educators and neurologists have discovered that information is coded into the brain much more effectively when we use more than one sensory system to make neural connections. This means that during every O.G lesson you will see children using multiple modalities of learning: auditory, visual, and tactile/kinesthetic.
Why does it work?
O. G’s repetitive, systematic, multi-sensory approach is especially helpful for younger children and children who struggle with reading, spelling, writing, and listening because it re-routes the information through the strongest and most developmentally appropriate areas of their brains. This helps to leverage each child’s individual strengths to master the many challenging linguistic tasks involved in literacy. Continue reading “What is Orton Gillingham?”